Germany map

Maps of Germany

Information about Germany

Germany is a State of north Europe. To the North borders with Denmark and washed by the Baltic and the North Sea, to the west borders with the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France, to the south with Switzerland and to the east with Austria, the Czech Republic and Poland.
The current single German state has an area of 357,021 sq. km and is the sixth largest country of the European continent (occupying approximately 3.4% of the total area of the continent). The country has a population of 81,251,851 inhabitants. Is the most populous European country after Russia and one of the most densely populated countries of the continent (233.18 inhabitants per square km). Germany has a maximum length of about 840 km from north to south and extends between latitudes 47 ° N and 55 ° N and a maximum width of about 620 km from east to west and extends from latitude 6 ° W to 15 ° E. Due to unprecedented growth in the early `50 Germany became a world economic superpower. However, after the political and economic integration of the two Germanies, the country faced many economic and social problems, the most important are increased unemployment, racial racism and xenophobia.

Geography: Starting from the north and moving south there are four distinct natural areas that are different: the German lowlands, the Middle Mountains, the Bavarian plateu and the German Alps. The German lowlands are closed to the south by the mountains of central Europe and in the north down to the lowland areas bordering the North Sea and Baltic Sea and it has generally more uniform appearance.
The Middle Mountains have no real morphological unit. The same northern boundary with the lowland are often vague and sometimes very strong with large protrusions.
South of the Danube rises gradually the north Plateau, which is a central part of extensive sub-alpine region of hills, which lie at the foot of the external slopes of the Alps, between Savoy and the Vienna Basin, rich in grassland and coniferous forests.
The German section of the Alps is only a narrow band corresponding to the plateau and the Bavarian alps. The highest peak of the German Alps, and while the whole of Germany is Zugspitse in Bavaria, which reaches 2962 m.The largest part of the country has a temperate climate with seasonal variations, wet and generally prevailing westerly winds. The climate is influenced by the North Atlantic current, as a northern extension of the Gulf Stream. These warm waters confounding the northern North Sea coastal areas, including the peninsula of Jutland and the areas along the Rhine, which empties into the North Sea. This leads to the presence of oceanic climate in northwestern and northern regions, with maximum rainfall in summer and in the presence of precipitation throughout the year. The winters are mild and summers are cool, although in some areas and temperatures exceeding 30 ° C for prolonged periods.
In the east the climate is more continental, with cold winters and hot summers, but with prolonged periods of drought.
The central and southern Germany are transition climatic regions from an oceanic climate at the continental or mountain, especially in the Alpine region. Even here, however, summer temperatures are likely to remain above the 30 ° C during summer

The single German state is composed of 16 federal states: Hamburg (city-state) to the north, in southeastern Bavaria, the largest state in the country, Baden-Württemberg in the southwest, Berlin (city-state) to the north, capital of the single Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia in the west, the most populous state in Germany, eastern Brandenburg, Bremen (city-state) to the northwest, the smallest in area and population of the German state, Essen in the west central part of the country, Thüringen in the Central part, Niedersachsen in the northwest , Mecklenburg Vorpommern, northeast, Saar and Rhineland-Palatinate in the west, Saxony in the east, Saxony Anhalt, in the northwest and Schleswig, Holstein to the north.

Largest city of Germany is Berlin (3475392-way.), The capital of the single German state and its eponymous State. Located in the northeastern part of the country. After the Second World War the city was divided into two parts, of which one belonged to Western Germany and the other to the East Germany. Symbol of division was the Berlin Wall, which formed the boundary between the two sections. After the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the German unification in 1990, Berlin is now one of the most important economic, commercial, cultural and transportation centers of the country and Europe.

Second largest city of the German State is Hamburg Capital of the Hanseatic state of Hamburg. Built at the mouth of the river Elbe in the North Sea, is the most important trading port in the country and most of Europe.
Third most populous city in Germany is in Munich, Capital of the state of Bavaria, a major industrial and commercial center.

Other major cities are Cologne (955.500-way.), A significant port on the Rhine, which operates one of the oldest universities in the country, the river Main in Frankfurt (648.800-way.), A major center for aviation, Essen (628.670-way. ), the center of the industrial Ruhr region, Dortmund (610.000-way.), the Stuttgart (582.900-way.), an important industrial center and world famous classical dance center, Düsseldorf (577.780-way.) on the banks of the Rhine, Bremen (553.450-way.) city-state, Duisburg (538.000-way.), in the Ruhr Area, Hanover (516 450-way.) city with a significant history, Leipzig (514. 890-way.), with significant university and rich spiritual life, Nuremberg (496 000-way.), with impressive medieval monuments, Dresden (493.720-way.), with wonderful buildings for their architectural, Bochum (491.000-way.), with the famous observatory, the Wuppertal (386.840-way.), the industrial city of Bielefeld (323.000-way.) Mannheim (317.610-way.), with a rich musical life, Chali (314.580-way.), Bonn (296.800-way.), the capital of former West Germany and an important cultural center of the country, with many interesting museums.